A self-propagating wave in space with electric and magnetic components. These components oscillate at right angles to each other and to the direction of propagation, and are in phase with each other. Electromagnetic radiation is classified into types according to the frequency of the wave. These types include, in order of increasing frequency: radio waves, microwaves, terahertz radiation, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet radiation, X-rays and gamma rays. EM radiation carries energy and momentum, which may be imparted when it interacts with matter. The waves with the higher frequency have shorter wavelengths and higher energy.