Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for over 35 years

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Increase in the number of erythrocytes (red blood cells) in the blood.

►click here to learn more-link provided by: www.merckvetmanual.com

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Systemic, noninfectious, possibly immune-mediated, inflammatory muscle disorder.  It may be acute or chronic and progressive.  Clinical signs include depression, lethargy, weakness, weight loss, lameness, myalgia, and muscle atrophy.

►click here to learn more-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine 

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acute ; atrophy ; chronic ; immune-mediated disease ; infection ; inflammation ; myalgia



Inflammation of many nerves at once, often immune-mediated.

Related Words
immune-mediated disease  ;  inflammation  ;  nerve


An abnormal growth protruding from a mucus membrane.

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Inflammation of peripheral nerves and spinal nerve roots.  A common form of this condition is coonhound paralysis.

Related Words

coonhound paralysis ; inflammation ; nerve ; nerve root ; peripheral nervous system (PNS)


Middle aspect of the brainsten, between the midbrain rostrally and the medulla oblongata caudally; part of the metencephalon; relays information between the cerebrum and cerebellum.

►click here to learn more (press>sagittal view)-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine  

Related Words

brainstem ; caudal ; cerebellum ; cerebrum ; medulla oblongata ; metencephalon ; midbrain ; rostral

portosystemic shunt

An abnormal blood vessel that bypasses the liver causing blood to be circulated through the body without being cleared of toxins and other metabolic by-products.

Related Words
blood  ;  liver  ;  metabolic  ;  toxin


positive sharp wave

Abnormal spontaneous muscle activity seen on electromyography in association with denervation or irritable myopathy consisting of long action potentials with initial positive (down) wave followed by a wide negative (up) wave.

Related Words

action potential ; denervation ; electromyography (EMG) ; myopathy


Toward the tail or end of a structure; in veterinary medicine, only used when referring to the eye and the extremeties.



Period of time immediately following a seizure, characterized by signs such as altered behavior and vision and/or hearing deficits.

Related Words

ictus  ;  seizure

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