Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for over 35 years

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petit mal seizure

See absence seizure.

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absence seizure


A medicinal drug; chemical compound used as an aid in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of disease (or other abnormal condition) or for the relief of pain or suffering. Click here to view veterinarypartner.com's list of pharmaceuticals.

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Small particle that carries electromagnetic radiation of all wavelengths; has zero mass.

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electromagnetic (EM) radiation


The innermost of the three membranes of the meninges covering the brain and spinal cord.

►click here to learn more-This link is provided by:  University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine 

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brain  ;  meninges  ;  spinal cord

pineal gland

A small, endocrine gland attached by a stalk to the dorsal wall of the third ventricle of the cerebrum where the two thalamic bodies join; it produces melatonin which plays a role in circadian rhythm (i.e. the 24-hour cycle in the processes plants, animals, fungi, and cyanobacteria); it is  also called epiphysis cerebri.

►click here to learn more (press>brainstem)-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine 

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cerebrum ; dorsal ; fungus ; thalamus ; ventricles

pituitary gland

An endocrine gland located at the base of the brain, supplying numerous hormones that govern many vital processes including growth; also called hypophysis.

►click here to learn more (press>ventral view)-link provided by: University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine 

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The blood's liquid medium; composed of 92% water and 8% proteins (including clotting factors, e.g. fibrin) and trace amounts of other materials.

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See paralysis.

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A network of nerves, blood vessels, or lymphatic tissue.



Inflammation of more than one joint usually due to an immune-mediated disorder.


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arthritis ; immune-mediated disease ; inflammation

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