Specializing in Canine and Feline Neurology and Neurosurgery for over 35 years

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granulomatous meningoencephalitis (GME)

A tumor-like mass of granulation tissue caused by chronic inflammation of the meninges and brain due to infection

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Related Words

brain ; chronic ; granuloma ; infection ; inflammation ; meninges ; tumor


Convoluted ridge on the outer surface of the brain caused by infolding of the cerebral cortex and bound by sulci.

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Related Words

brain ; cerebral cortex ; sulcus

head pressing

Persistent pushing with the head against a fixed object; often a sign of brain disease.

Related Words
brain  ;  disease

head tilt

Viewing from the front, the head appears tilted to one side; often a sign of vestibular disease.

Related Words

vestibular disease

heavy metal toxicity

Metallic elements with high atomic weights; a common hazardous waste; can damage organisms at low concentrations and tends to accumulate in the food chain, e.g. lead, iron.

Related Words


Cancer formed by proliferation of endothelial and fibrobastic (connective) tissue, typically involving highly vascular organs such as the spleen or liver.

Related Words

cancer ; endothelium ; liver ; sarcoma ; vascular

hematocrit (HCT)

See packed cell volume (PCV).


Related Words
packed cell volume (PCV)

hemifacial spasm

Persistent contraction of the facial muscles on one side; often due to chronic disease of the facial nerve.


Related Words
disease  ;  facial nerve


Partial loss of voluntary movement in the limbs on one side of the body.



Complete loss of voluntary movement in the limbs on one side of the body.


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